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different kinds of trusts

What kinds of trusts are there?

In the world of trusts, there may be some confusion for those who are unsure on what a trust exactly is, and what types of trusts there are. In simplest terms, a trust is an agreement among three parties. There is the trustmaker or trustor, where this person creates the trust. The second party is the trustee who is responsible for the trust. The third party is the beneficiary or beneficiaries where they receive the benefits of the properties within the trust. Your lawyer will be able to assist you in creating a trust, along with creating the right type for you.

Living Trusts

This can be made and be in full effect during the trustor’s lifetime. This differs from other trusts because some trusts don’t go into full effect until after the death of the trustor. All living trusts are either revocable or irrevocable.

Testamentary Trusts

These are created by the the executor of the decedent’s estate when his last will and testament names the beneficiary. The will directs that the trustor’s property should be moved into the trust at their death.

Revocable Living Trusts

There are two main purposes for this type of trust. The first being a plan for mental disability, and the second to avoid probate of the assets the trustor funds into their trust before their death. A trustor has the right to change or expunge their trust at any time.

Totten Trust

This is a type of revocable trust. A person can deposit money into the financial of his or her choosing as the trustee for another. However, this gift will not be given until the grantor has passed away.

Irrevocable Living Trusts

The most common purpose for this trust is to move assets out of the trustor’s name and into the next generation for their use. This ends ups decreasing the value in the  trustor’s estate for estate tax purposes.  If you are the trustor, you cannot take back your property after it’s been transferred within this trust. Unlike a revocable trust, this trust cannot change, this will be set in stone. Among these sets of trusts there are other trusts that can be created to fit your purpose. Others that are of common use are Irrevocable Life Insurance Trust, where the trustor has an insurance policy on their life, a special needs trust for disabled beneficiaries, and a spendthrift trust that guides the trustee on how and when to distribute to the beneficiary.

Charitable Trust

Usually charitable trusts are made to lower the tax on estate and gifts.

Tax-By-Pass Trust

The tax-by-pass trust allows one spouse to leave the other money.

Contact Your Garden Grove Trusts Lawyer

When you’re ready to create a trust it’s important you speak with us to better ensure that the trust created will meet your needs. The Law Offices of Lawrence H. Nemirow is here to help you make sure you’re setting up the right trust for your family. Call us today with any questions you may have! You can reach us by calling (562) 799-1379.
Nem Law - Death Deed Information, Orange County

California Transfer on Death Deed

New California Transfer On Death Deed

There are several ways an owner of real property can direct the transfer of real property when they die. Up until recently, the most common way was through a trust, will or owning the property in joint tenancy with another person or persons. Effective January 1, 2016, there is now a new way California allows real property to be transferred upon a person’s death and avoid probate.
Governor Jerry Brown signed Assembly Bill 139 which established a procedure to transfer real property upon death through a revocable transfer on death deed. This revocable transfer on death deed is a new simple and inexpensive way to transfer real property to a beneficiary in California. The deed allows a person to leave their real property to a designated person or persons such as a family member, friend, life-long partner or other loved one, without having to set up a living trust.

Criteria For Transfer on Death Deed (TOD Deed)

The new TOD (transfer on death) deed allows an owner of residential real property to name one or more beneficiaries to receive the property when the owner dies, thus bypassing the need to probate the estate. There are some specific criteria, however, that a person should be aware of when considering recording a revocable transfer on death deed.

The real property must be a single family home or condominium unit, or a multiple residence of not more than 4 residential dwelling units, or be a single family residence on no more than 40 acres of agricultural land. A revocable TOD deed must be signed and dated before a notary public to be effective and valid. The transfer on death deed must be recorded within 60 days or less from the date it is signed. The transfer on death deed can be revoked by the transferor at any time. A Transfer On Death Deed may be a great option for a person whose only asset is the home in which he or she lives. Revoking a

Transfer on Death Deed

There are three ways the transferor/owner can revoke a transfer on death deed.

The owner can record a formal notice of revocation. A new transfer on death deed may be recorded. The real property can be transferred to someone else prior to the transferor’s death. Although the transfer on death deed must be recorded within 60 days or less from the date it is it signed and before the owner’s death, it is important to understand that the interest in the real estate only transfers when the owner dies. This means that the beneficiary identified on the TOD deed does not have any rights to the real property when the owner is alive. Furthermore, creditors of a named beneficiary cannot place any liens on the property. While the owner is living, the owner has the right to sell or encumber the property. The property is also subject to involuntary liens that may be recorded by creditors of the owner which would transfer with the property to the beneficiary upon the owner’s death.

estate planning


EXPLANATIONS OF WILLS AND TRUSTS WHAT IS A WILL? A will is quite simply a legal declaration that enables you to direct the disposition of your assets upon your death. You can divide your assets any way you want, as long as guidelines are presented clearly in writing. The portion of your estate covered by a will includes both tangible assets such as your home or your car, and intangible assets, such as bank accounts and mutual fund shares. Other rights and benefits, like pension rights and life insurance proceeds, are normally handled outside of your will. In most cases, those benefits are paid directly to your designated beneficiaries. While the cost of creating a will can vary depending on the complexity of your estate, most range in price from $150 to $500. WHAT IS A TRUST? A trust is a three-part agreement in which the owner of an estate, or the trust’s “grantor”, transfers the legal title to that estate to somebody else (the trustee) for the purpose of benefitting one or more third parties (the beneficiaries). Trusts may be revocable or irrevocable and may be included in a will to take effect after death. Revocable trust’s can be changed or revoked at any time. For this reason, the government considers the specified assets to still be included in the grantor’s taxable estate. Therefore, you must pay income taxes on revenue generated by the trust and possibly estate taxes on those assets remaining after your death. Irrevocable trusts cannot be changed once they are set up. The assets placed into an irrevocable trust are permanently removed from the grantor’s estate and transferred to the trust. Income and capital gains taxes on assets in the trust are paid by the trust. Upon a grantor’s death, the assets in the trust are not considered party of the estate and are not subject to estate taxes. Most revocable trusts become irrevocable at the death or disability of the grantor. BENEFITS OF A TRUST Although trust can be used in many ways for estate planning, they are most commonly used to: • provide expert management of estates • provide security for both the grantor and the beneficiaries • protect real estate holdings for a business • provide for beneficiaries who are minors or require expert assistance managing money. • avoid estate or income taxes • avoid probate expenses • maintain privacy COMPARING DIFFERENCES BETWEEN WILLS AND TRUSTS WILLS • Allow you to determine how your assets are distributed • Provide specific direction for the care of minor children • Must go through probate TRUSTS • Preserve assets for beneficiaries • Manage taxes • Provide expert management • Maintain privacy • Avoid probate For more information on my services as an Orange County Estate Planning Attorney and a Los Angeles County Estate Planning Attorney, contact me. My contact information can be found on my website by clicking here.
estate planning

Estate Family Battles

No matter how close the family, money problems of a family member could upset an entire estate plan. For example, the Settlor wants to leave the remainder of the estate to her children to be divided equally upon her death. However, one of the children during the Settlor’s lifetime runs into financial difficulties. The child turns to the only source he or she can think of to get out of the jam, the Settlor. In most cases the Settlor is elderly, loves the children equally, but the Settlor does not have the heart to tell this needy child no. Creative trust drafting can solve this problem. For example, the trust can be written to provide loans to a beneficiary who needs the money now, versus later. The trust can provide for either a no interest payback or early distribution if the estate funds are sufficient.

Orange County Trust Attorney

If you are concerned about this type of problem, or if you have other concerns, contact the Law Offices of Lawrence H. Nemirow at 562-799-1379 or visit our website or contact your local trust attorney. It is always better to anticipate and minimize future problems now to avoid a family battles in the future.
estate planning

Estate Planning and Long Term Care

Did You Know: People reaching the age 65 have an average life expectancy of an additional 18.5 years (19.8 years for females and 16.8 years for males)? The population 65 and over will increase from 35 million in 2000 to 40 million in 2010 (a 15% increase) and then to 55 million in 2020 (a 36% increase for that decade)? About 60 percent of individuals over age 65 will require at lease some type of long-term care services during their lifetime? Medicare, the federal health insurance program for those over 65+, paid only 13% of U.S. long-term care bills in 2002.? A nursing home costs between $60,000 and $80,000 per year? (national average for a private room is approximately $70,000 per year) From 1990 to 1995, nursing home costs rose 6.25% a year? A government study forecasts that home-health care and nursing home costs will rise 5.8% per year through 2020. 37% of all persons in need of nursing home care are 64 years of age and younger? Nearly three in ten (28%) adults are saying they are “very” worried that they won’t be able to pay for nursing home and home care services? Nearly one-third (32%) of people without long term care insurance say it’s just something they’ve thought about? 44.4 million caregivers (or one out of every five households) are involved in caregiving to persons aged 18 or over?

Estate Planning Attorney in Los Alamitos

As an Estate Planning Attorney located in Los Alamitos, California servicing Orange County and Los Angeles County I try to ensure that I inform my clients of the need for long term care planning either in their Trusts or Wills, or through the purchase of insurance.

Contact Orange County Law Firm

For contact information, see my website at or call me at 562-799-1379. Many think Medicare pays for all long-term care needs for the elderly: in fact, its nursing home coverage is limited mainly to short-term patients recovering from hospital stays.


You faithfully pay your premiums on time. Each year you renew your policy praying that you will never have to file a claim. Then something awful happens that requires you to notify your insurance company of a covered loss that could cause you to lose all of your hard earned assets. You rightfully expect the insurance company to honor the policy provisions and pay your losses or defend you in court. Instead of paying right away, the insurance company refuses to pay, or delays in making payment. You may be forced to pay out of your pocket for legal fees and judgments that should have been paid by the insurer. Worst case is that you can be forced into bankruptcy or lose a substantial part of your assets. Earlier in this century, the only remedy against the insurance company was to file a breach of contract claim against the insurer. The insured, if the insured were to win, would be to receive only what the insurer promised to pay in the policy. The insurer was not responsible for punitive damages or liability for the insured’s emotional distress. Today, the courts of California treat these unfair claim practices as a tort and give the insured the opportunity of recovering tort remedies against the insurer for breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing. While most causes for breach of the covenant still lies in contracts, an exception can be made under contracts involving a “special relationship”, characterized by elements of public interest, adhesion, and fiduciary responsibility. The insurance contract contains all of these elements. At the first sign that your insurer is improperly refusing to pay, or is delaying retaining an attorney on your behalf, consult with an attorney who practices in insurance law. The faster you advise your insurer that you are willing to pursue your legal remedies, the faster your insurer will honor its obligations under the contract. To contact me, you may email me at, find me at, or call me at 562-799-1379, to discuss the particulars of your concerns or case.
Los Angeles Law Offices

Duties Of Agents And Brokers

Are you aware of the legal duties of your insurance agents or brokers?

Insurance Agents Duties

Your insurance agent has to perform the following duties on your behalf:
  • When you notify your agent or broker that you or your business acquired a new vehicle he or she may be liable for failure to advise you that the vehicle may not be covered by your insurance
  • Your broker may be personally liable for failing to recognize and correct gaps between your primary and excess policies.
  • Your broker has a duty to call your attention to any clauses in claims made policies if you give notice of a potential claim occurring during the policy period.
  • Your agent or broker has a special duty to respond to your inquires regarding sufficiency of insurance coverage.
  • Your agent or broker is liable to you if he or she misrepresents the nature, extent or scope of coverage, especially if he or she held themselves out to you as having expertise in the type of insurance you are seeking.
  • Your agent or broker may be liable to you or your business for failure to advise you about cancellation or renewal of policies except where non-payment of premium is involved.
  • Your agent or broker may be liable to you or your business for failure to obtain coverage requested by you.
  • Your agent or broker has a duty to investigate a non-admitted insurers financial strength before recommending placement of insurance with that insurer.

Best Orange County Insurance Attorney

Contact your insurance attorney, business attorney or risk manager if you believe your agent or broker breached any of these duties.
Los Angeles Law Offices


Over my 39 years as a risk manager and risk management consultant (in addition to my past sixteen years as an attorney) I have learned that when a company has a long harmonious relationship with their broker the company may feel that the broker is part of the corporate family, and as part of the corporate family may not be able to render a truly impartial, objective verdict on the insurance programs. As a matter of fact, I have had agents and brokers recommend the use of an independent consultant to either get a fresh slant on a problem or opportunity, or to get an endorsement or critique on the way the broker is handling the program so that the brokers recommendations can be validated or improved upon. That is why insurance and risk management audits are performed by individuals such as myself or companies that are engaged exclusively in risk management consulting activities. An independent risk management consultant does not steer programs to any one broker and should never taken a commission on any insurance program they recommend. A full scale audit should:
  • analyze exposures to loss and determine what risks should be eliminated, reduced, insured, self-insured or not insured at all;
  • independently evaluate the effectiveness of the present insurance program in terms of the protection afforded, services provided and cost;
  • consider possible alternatives such as deductibles, retrospective rating, self-insurance and other methods of improving cash flow:
  • evaluate management’s attitude toward loss control and the effectiveness of current loss control programs;
  • review the administration of the risk management function and insurance program;
  • help establish a formal risk management policy;
  • provide a written report indicating my findings and making recommendations relative to the areas that appear to be in need of attention.
The information required by a risk management consultant will include information related to:
  • corporate structure – subsidiaries, divisions, etc.
  • structure of management – scope of responsibility, authority, etc.
  • management philosophies, polices, procedures, etc.
  • risk management policy
  • types of operations other than hotels if they exist
  • significant events involving risk management in recent years
  • loss prevention programs
  • loss control programs
  • prior loss experience – insured and uninsured
  • copies of contracts affecting risk management
  • administration of the risk management function
In addition a risk management consultant will need copies of all current insurance policies, endorsements, pertinent correspondence, rating plans, premium adjustments, etc. The Law Offices of Lawrence H. Nemirow can provide risk management audits for legal or insurance matters. Contact me by calling 562-799-1379 or send me an email at
Los Angeles Law Offices

California Corporation Annual Minutes

California Corporations Do not Have To File Annual Minutes With The Secretary Of State Have you been receiving official looking notices advising you that you have prepare and file your annual minutes with requests that you pay them a fee to do so? My wife is a CPA and we share offices and sometimes clients. Several times a year we get calls from clients asking if mailings they received from Corporate Compliance Center, Corporation Compliance Recorder, California Corporation Services and similar businesses. Sound familiar? What each of these solicitations have in common is that they may contain wording stating that “this is not a government document”, however the wording is in fine print and may be missed. These solicitations correctly cite California Corporations Code sections 600, 1500, and 9510(a) to make the solicitations look like a government document. All of the codes are correctly cited. Section 600 provides in pertinent part, “An annual meeting of shareholders shall be held for the election of directors on a date and at a time stated in or fixed in accordance with the bylaws.” Section 1500: “Each corporation shall keep adequate and correct books and records of account and shall keep minutes of the proceedings of its shareholders, board and committees of the board and shall keep at its principal executive office, or at the office of its transfer agent or registrar, a record of its shareholders, giving the names and addresses of all shareholders and the number and class of shares held by each. Those minutes and other books and records shall be kept either in written form or in another form capable of being converted into clearly legible tangible form or in any combination of the foregoing. When minutes and other books and records are kept in a form capable of being converted into clearly legible paper form, the clearly legible paper form into which those minutes and other books and records are converted shall be admissible in evidence, and accepted for all other purposes, to the same extent as an original paper record of the same information would have been, provided that the paper form accurately portrays the record.” Section 9510(a) relates to record-keeping requirements for non-profit corporations. These mailings are correct when they state that annual meeting minutes must be prepared, but neither your company or the service companies file the minutes with the Secretary of State. It is important that these minutes be keep in a corporate minute book for your own use and protection of the corporation. These services are offering to prepare your annual corporate minutes for a fee, but in my opinion these minutes are best prepared either by corporate officers/directors, if they know how to do so, or by your business attorney (who can also review the corporations’s prior meeting minutes and bylaws for potential areas for improvement, changes, and the like). Review your minute books now. Make sure that any major decisions made during the current or immediately past fiscal year are recorded in the minutes. Ask your business attorney or myself as to what important decisions should be placed in the minutes.
probate law orange county

Understanding Probate Law in Orange County

Probate law can be very confusing. I often get calls from clients or potential clients asking when a probate attorney is necessary.

Understanding Probate Law

The best way to avoid probate is to have your affairs in order prior to death. While it can be a very unpleasant thing to think about, not addressing the issue can create problems down the road for family and loved ones. Talking to an estate planning attorney and having these issues handled before something happens is always the best practice. When probate is needed it can be very confusing so I have decided to address the issue with an article which you can find on our website. I am also happy to address any questions you might have over the phone. Give me a call at 562-799-1379.


  • I finally got around to making the “estate planning” phone call after many decades of procrastination. I found Lawrence via Avvo and Yelp reviews, and he was very responsive to all my questions about estate…



We Specialize In Estate Planning, Probate, Wills And Trusts, Insurance Law And Business And Corporate Law.

I was licensed to practice law in the State of California on June 6, 1996. I then formed The Law Offices of Lawrence H. Nemirow, PC to serve communities of Los Angeles County and Orange County with their legal needs. I am licensed to practice before all of the Superior Courts in the State of California, the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California, and the United States Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims.


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